Pip proves throughout the book that money can not buy or bring him happiness. After Estella had rejected him, Pip admitted, “I used to think… I should have been happier and better if I had never seen Miss Havisham’s face, and had risen to manhood content to be partners with Joe in the honest old forge”(343). He believes his life would have been better without Estella, without Miss Havisham, and without the money from Magwitch. Joe, Pip’s brother-in-law, and father figure is the kindest person in the novel. Despite Pip’s knowledge of this being true, Joe’s low station as ablacksmith makes Pip decide to never see Joe again. Towards the end of the novel, Pip loses all the money given to him by Magwitch and is in great debt. He falls ill, and Joe is the one who comes to take care of him and pays off Pip’s debts with the little money he has, even after the terrible way Pip treated him. Pip realizes that it is not money that makes him happy, but it is the relationships with people he cares about that do. Despite Pip reuniting with his family and finding true happiness, other characters in this novel were unable to do so.
Estella Havisham was raised by a wealthy woman to never love, and in never loving, she was unable to find true happiness. “I have the heart to be stabbed in or shot in, I have no doubt, and, of course, if it ceased to beat, I would cease to be. But you know what I mean. I have no softness there, no—sympathy—sentiment—nonsense” (Ch 28 pg 6). Throughout her childhood, Estella was not only never given love, but she was taught to never love anyone. She never experienced love in any form because of the wealth she was raised with, and this left a lasting impact on her entire life. She entered a loveless marriage and was abused by her husband, Bentley Drummle until his death. If Estella had never been adopted by Miss Havisham, she may have led a common life and received love, therefore allowing her to love Pip in the way he loved her.