The article was published during the US presidential and campaign and targets one of the republican candidates, where Donald Trump talked about his plans against the immigrations. The author writes about the way Donald Trump, is observed by the children of Latin American immigrants. We start by hearing about what usually would scare kids off, Donald Trump has become one of them. Trump is a “monster” to Mexican immigrants and speaks of them in a distasteful and threating ways. We get to know one of the kids who fear Donald Trump, Hugo is a seven-year-old boy who is sad because Trump knowledge the Mexican as “ugly”. In this article we see that the sender of the text is Héctor Tobar, a journalist, for over 30 years, and a fiction writer. Tobar also won a Pulitzer prize in his journalist career. Tobar is a son of immigrant parents, which specifies that he is a person to understand the feeling that the immigrant children have towards Donald Trump.We can see that the receiver is people who is readers of The New York Times where the article was published. We could also say that the receiver is general the American public, where Tobar wants his message to open the eyes of the Americans, to let them know how Trump is a monster to the kids. Tobar shows the effects of trumps campaign against immigrants, letting know that monsters are just myths, and that you always can make a monster into a piñata: “But in the end, fear not, niños.” (ll. 82-83)Using the rhetorical we see that the author uses allusion, apostrophe, sarcasm and propaganda. The author talks about the Weimar republic where he shows the potentially dictatorial nature of Donald Trump (ll. 41-43). He uses apostrophe where one of the child would like to ask some questions to Trump, about how he would feel if he got kicked out (ll. 56-58). We see that he uses sarcasm where he compares the president to a monster, and a boogeyman (ll. 5).
Lastly he uses propaganda by mocking trump and making him look like a distortion (ll. 25-26). The article is an opinion article, the authors message and purposes are not informative. The sender usually comes with his opinion and arguments within the topic. In this case, the author wrote the article to criticize Donald Trump’s plan about the immigrants and to show the negative impact of his campaign on the Latino community. Tobar also uses hidden argumentation, which means that the sender is being indirect. Tobar covers and presents the opinion of the Latino children in America to criticize Trump, but he doesn’t make his critique directly but instead use the children he interviewed, where they talk about trump wanting to kick out the Mexican people, and how the kid feels about it: “He wants to kick out the Mexican people from America and just leave the…” (ll. 46-48). Tobar also use irony where he compares Donald Trump to a boogeyman, where he takes in the children perspective, where he compares Trump to a boogeyman (ll. 5-6). Not only is he ironic in his language but he also is a bit comic saying that the kids can always make a monster into a piñata, where we can say that he uses this sentence to make them realize that they have the power to destroy Donald Trump.
The article is written using very simple language. The author uses several Spanish words referring to monsters from bedtime stories (ll. 2-4). We can say that he uses simple language because the article is about the children and how they feel and talk about Trump. We see this where trump refers to the Mexicans as “rapist” and the seven-year-old buy understands it as “Mexicans are ugly”: “Too young to understand what Mr. Trump meant when he called immigrants from Mexico “rapists,” Hugo boiled The Donald’s message down to three words: “Mexicans are ugly.” (ll. 16-18). The author is also being imagery with his words, where he creates visual images to make the readers imagine what the situation looks like: “…Or standing at the border in Texas in a white hat…” (ll. 75-76). The author is using appeal forms ethos and pathos. We see that ethos is used in that way that there is a journalist, that have won a lot of prizes, and have a lot of experience in the journalist world. This makes him honest. He uses pathos when he is a mouthpiece for the kids talking about how they feel about Trump kicking the Mexicans out of the country. He also uses pathos where he talks about what the children fear. We use similes and metaphors to create humor and irony, the sender use simile creating humor and irony: “…Trump piñatas are selling like hot tamales over the border in Tijuana” (ll. 25-26). The sender use metaphor to depict Donald trump who is called a “villain in a flaccid pompadour” (ll. 9- 10), in a funny way.
The authors message is very likely to be much more effectively communicated by what people’s emotions is by letting the author speak about the children of the Latino suburbs. We ca say that the author is successful in sharing his message to the audience by appealing to their feelings, and therefore he shared his message effectively.